The leadership of most of the trade unions in India has been outside leadership mainly drawn from political parties. At present, there is a number of central trade union organisations but five major central trade unions each having a membership of above 5 lakhs and all India character.
The success of any union mainly depends on he leadership of the union. They get bribes from the government and work against the interests of the employees. The forces of liberalization unleashed in early 90s have strengthened the hands of employers in closing down unviable units.
This was the first trade union in India. This type of foreign leadership creates barriers between lower-end workers and upper management, and is disadvantageous to the proper development and management of the union.
In post-independence period, various political parties formed and kept control over various trade unions. During war-time, the trade unions consolidated their position due to certain factors namely: Strong and active unions are found in metro cities and it is also confined to large scale industries.
Measures to minimise union rivalry: Since workers come to the factory with varying backgrounds, it is difficult for them to put a joint front in case of trouble. Subsequently, the Trade Union Act was passed which created the rules for the regulation and closer monitoring of Trade Unions.
As a result, a mass meeting was organised in Bombay on April 21, which was attended by about 10, workers. For a large majority of workers, unionism even today remains a foreign issue.
Trade Unions should make efforts to raise their declining membership which is world over phenomenon. Outside leadership is the main cause for the multiple problems of the trade unions.
Further, it helps to bring about congenial industrial relations by bringing about a system of orderliness in dealing with the employees and by facilitating expeditious settlement of disputes. But the National Commission on Labour recommended the increase of rate of membership subscription from 25 paise to Re.
In many cases the employees are not aware about the role an union can play in the organization which will give a betterment to their working life. The sizes of trade unions haven't been sufficient enough to have adequate funds and provide legal help to members.
Thus, bythere were four central organisations led by different political parties i. Inthe Trade Union Act was passed and a period of regulated trade unionism started. Most unions today are run by rival political parties.
The factors responsible for this situation were: The trade-union movement reflected the main political divisions of the time and was divided mainly along Socialist and Communist lines.
Elimination of party politics and outsiders through building up of internal leaders; Promotion of collective bargaining through recognition of sole bargaining agents; Improving the system of union recognition; Encouraging union security; and Empowering labour courts to settle inter-union disputes if they are not settled within the organisation.
Political differences of leaders have been inhibiting the formation of one union in one industry.
Even though outside leadership is permissible in the initial stages it is undesirable in the long run because of many evils associated with it.
They may probably depend on contributions from philanthropists. Mostly, each of these trade unions is under the influence of a political party.
Their families reside in villages due to which they do not stay permanently in cities. Problems of Trade Unions in India Essay Problems of Trade Unions in India 1.
Lack of Balanced Growth Trade unions are often associated with big industrial houses. A vast majority of the working population is without any union backing. The entire agricultural sector is highly unorganized in India.
Problems of Trade Unions in India 1. Lack of Balanced Growth Trade unions are often associated with big industrial houses. A vast majority of the working population is without any union backing.
Trade Unions in India are registered and file annual returns under the Trade Union Act ().Statistics on Trade Unions are collected annually by the Labour Bureau of the Ministry of Labour, Government of India.
As per the latest data, released forthere were 16, trade unions which had a combined membership of million (based on returns from 15 States - out of a total of 36 States). Obstacles Faced in the Progress of Trade Unionism in India!
The Indian trade unions unlike in the Western countries have not made a significant mark. They suffer from various drawbacks.
For a proper growth of trade unions, certain conditions have to be met which is not the case with Indian. The Trade Unions Act, is the original act related to labour unions in India.
The Act provides for formation and registration of trade unions and in certain respects to define the law relating to registered Trade Unions. Origin and Growth of Trade Unions in India. Origin and Early Growth: The Trade Union Movement began in India during the closing years of the First World War.
The exploitation of labor caused by the exigencies of the war created unrest among the working class people and led them to form unions which, would voice their grievances, fight for their .Problems of trade unions in india